Published: Fri, November 03, 2017
Health Care | By Alberto Manning

Women hiring proportion grows across industries in India

Women hiring proportion grows across industries in India

New Zealand is among the top ten nations in the world when it comes to gender equality, according to a new global report.

Having once held a position of 9th in the world in 2006, the United Kingdom was 15th overall in 2017 in terms of its gender gap, a ranking generated from ratings in four areas; health, education, the workplace and political representation.

The U.S. dropped four places to 49th in the Global Gender Gap Index due, in part, to a decline in the political empowerment category, which is at its lowest level since 2007.

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India fell sharply from 87th place to 108th, a drop that was "largely attributable to a widening of its gender gaps in political empowerment as well as in healthy life expectancy and basic literacy", the report said.

The Index measures equality between men and women in 144 countries worldwide in four key sectors: health, education and political and economic participation.

In economic participation and opportunity, no country has fully closed the gender gap, but 13 countries (two more than last year) have closed more than 80 percent of their gap.

At the top of the Global Gender Gap Index is Iceland.

The report noted that it will take 217 years to end the workplace gender divide. The gap between men and women again began to increase.

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The gap between Iceland and the second-placed country, Norway, widens as both Norway and third-placed Finland saw their gaps expand this year.

That was mostly due to improvements on its economic participation and opportunity score, where it moved up six places on the back of improved parity in income.

Statistics highlighted by the Tages-Anzeiger newspaper show that last year, 43.6% girls in Switzerland obtained a secondary school leaving certificate from an apprenticeship or academic high school compared with 33.1% of boys - a discrepancy that has strengthened over the past 15 years.

"The remuneration gap is captured through a hard-data indicator [ratio of estimated female-to-male earned income] and a qualitative indicator gathered through the World Economic Forum's annual Executive Opinion Survey [wage equality for similar work]", the WEF said.

About 23 per cent of the political gap has been closed, which is unchanged since a year ago against a long-term trend of slow but steady improvement.

The country has marginally improved its ranking in the sub-indices of WEF's gender gap index.

"It was a disappointing year", said Saadia Zahidi, head of education, gender and work at the WEF. The political dimension holds the widest gap but is also exhibiting the most progress, despite a slowdown this year.

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