Published: Mon, February 05, 2018
Health Care | By Alberto Manning

NEW NUCLEAR POLICY: China accusses United States of 'Cold War' mentality

NEW NUCLEAR POLICY: China accusses United States of 'Cold War' mentality

"China has adhered to the policy of no-first-use of nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstances", he said, adding that under no circumstances will China use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon states or nuclear-weapon-free zones.

The U.S. Department of Defense said its nuclear strategy seeks to "prevent Beijing from mistakenly concluding" it could gain regional territorial advantage by using its nuclear weapons.

Officials say the addition of low-yield weapons will counter Russia's perceived belief that it could use its own low-yield weapons against the United States in a limited "first-use" basis that would provide an advantage to Moscow in a low-level conflict without causing USA nuclear retaliation.

Gabriel was responding to a so-called Nuclear Posture Review released Friday by the Pentagon that details the U.S. military's vision of nuclear threats and its response in the coming decades.

The document released on Friday by the Pentagon, known as the Nuclear Posture Review (NPR), argues that developing smaller nuclear weapons would challenge that assumption. Low-yield weapons with a strength of under 20 kilotons are less powerful but are still devastating.

The policy also recommends: Land-based ballistic missiles, submarine-launched missiles, and air-delivered weapons-to be extensively modernized, as begun under ex-President Obama.

China has urged the United States to drop its "Cold War mentality" and not misread China's military build-up, after Washington published a document last Friday outlining plans to expand its nuclear capabilities to deter others. Bringing back sea-based nuclear missiles.

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North Korea has continued to pursue nuclear weapons development, and Iran retains much of the capacity needed to develop a nuclear weapon within a year of deciding to do so, according to the review.

The report makes "wild guesses" about China's intentions and exaggerates the threat of its nuclear force, defence ministry spokesman Ren Guoqiang said in a statement.

"We hope the USA will abandon a Cold War mentality and earnestly shoulder its special and prior responsibility for its own nuclear disarmament", said Ren.

Russia's foreign minister called the move "confrontational" and expressed "deep disappointment".

It is the first time since 2010 that the USA military has outlined its perception of future nuclear threats.

The NPR has called for nuclear weapons in the form of "low-yield" warheads that can be launched from the sky or from submarines in cruise missiles and smaller ballistic missiles. Previous year it said that Washington's defense strategy tied to "outdated notions".

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